DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 14.0  (46.7%)  Elected
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 7.0  (23.3%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.0  (10.0%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (6.7%)   
Jim Costa, Member of Congress (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (3.3%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (3.3%)   
Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (3.3%)   
Elton Gallegly, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (3.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 7.0  (23.3%)  Elected
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 8.8  (29.4%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (6.7%)   
Jim Costa, Member of Congress (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (3.3%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 2.0  (6.6%)   
Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (6.6%)   
Elton Gallegly, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (3.3%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 1.9  (6.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 8.8  (29.4%)  Elected
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 3.1  (10.3%)   
Jim Costa, Member of Congress (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (3.3%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 2.0  (6.6%)   
Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (8.4%)   
Elton Gallegly, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.5  (5.1%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 1.9  (6.5%)   
Anthony De Maio, Finance Entrepreneur (Republican)  
 
 0.5  (1.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
  
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 3.1  (10.3%)   
Jim Costa, Member of Congress (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (3.3%)  Defeated
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (9.1%)   
Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (8.4%)   
Elton Gallegly, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.5  (5.1%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (9.0%)   
Anthony De Maio, Finance Entrepreneur (Republican)  
 
 1.3  (4.3%)   
Jill Martinez, Minister (Democratic)  
 
 2.3  (7.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Jim Costa, Member of Congress (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 3.1  (10.3%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (9.1%)   
Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (8.4%)   
Elton Gallegly, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.5  (5.1%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.7  (12.3%)   
Anthony De Maio, Finance Entrepreneur (Republican)  
 
 1.3  (4.3%)  Defeated
Jill Martinez, Minister (Democratic)  
 
 2.3  (7.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Anthony De Maio, Finance Entrepreneur (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 5.0  (16.8%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 3.1  (10.3%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (9.1%)   
Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)  
 
 3.1  (10.2%)   
Elton Gallegly, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.5  (5.1%)  Defeated
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.7  (12.3%)   
Jill Martinez, Minister (Democratic)  
 
 2.3  (7.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Elton Gallegly, U.S. Representative (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 5.0  (16.8%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 4.1  (13.6%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (9.1%)   
Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)  
 
 3.6  (12.0%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.7  (12.3%)   
Jill Martinez, Minister (Democratic)  
 
 2.3  (7.6%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Jill Martinez, Minister (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 5.8  (19.3%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 4.1  (13.6%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 4.2  (14.1%)   
Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)  
 
 3.6  (12.0%)  Defeated
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.7  (12.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Victor Tognazzini, Agribusiness Manager (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 5.8  (19.3%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 4.3  (14.3%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 7.7  (25.6%)  Elected
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 4.2  (14.1%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.7  (12.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 5.8  (19.3%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 6.2  (20.8%)  Elected
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 5.0  (16.8%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 5.0  (16.7%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 4.2  (14.1%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.7  (12.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 5.8  (19.3%)  Elected
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 5.8  (19.2%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 5.0  (16.8%)   
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 5.0  (16.7%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 4.7  (15.7%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.7  (12.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 5.6  (18.7%)   
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 5.8  (19.2%)   
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 5.0  (16.8%)  Elected
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 5.0  (16.7%)   
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 4.8  (16.0%)   
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.8  (12.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13 Legend  
John Miller, Educator/Farmer (Green)  
 
 5.6  (18.7%)  Elected
Kevin Mc Carthy, State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 5.8  (19.2%)  Elected
Lois Capps, U.S. Representative (Democratic)  
 
 5.0  (16.7%)  Elected
Devin Nunes, U.S. Representative/Farmer (Republican)  
 
 5.0  (16.7%)  Elected
Sharon Beery, Educator/Businesswoman (Democratic)  
 
 4.8  (16.1%)  Elected
Sam Farr, United States Representative (Democratic)  
 
 3.8  (12.6%)  Elected
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 100% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 93.3% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 6" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Central California (District 4)
6 candidates will be elected with 30 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
55.5%   
2nd 
 
23.6%   
3rd 
 
11.5%   
4th 
 
4.4%   
5th 
 
2.6%   
6th 
 
0.8%   
9th 
 
1.5%   
  pies need GD