DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 7.0  (46.7%)  Elected
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.0  (13.3%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.0  (13.3%)   
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.6  (17.6%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.6  (17.6%)   
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.9  (19.5%)  Elected
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.3  (8.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.6  (17.6%)  Elected
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.6  (17.6%)   
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 0.1  (1.0%)   
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.6  (10.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.6  (17.6%)  Elected
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)  
 
 1.1  (7.6%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 0.1  (1.0%)   
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.6  (10.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
     
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)  
 
 1.3  (8.6%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 0.1  (1.0%)  Defeated
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.6  (10.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)   
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)  
 
 1.3  (8.6%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.7%)  Defeated
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.7  (11.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)  
 
 2.0  (13.3%)   
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)  
 
 1.3  (8.6%)  Defeated
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 1.7  (11.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)  
 
 2.0  (13.3%)  Defeated
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (16.7%)   
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 3.0  (20.0%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (17.9%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 3.5  (25.0%)  Elected
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.5  (17.9%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (17.9%)   
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 3.0  (21.4%)   
None of these 
 
 1.0  (7.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (17.9%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.2  (22.9%)  Elected
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (17.9%)   
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 3.0  (21.4%)   
None of these 
 
 1.0  (7.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.5  (17.9%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.9  (20.7%)   
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 3.0  (21.4%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 1.0  (7.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.7  (19.3%)   
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)   
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)   
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.9  (20.7%)  Elected
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)   
None of these 
 
 1.0  (7.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13 Legend  
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)  Elected
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)  Elected
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)  Elected
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)  Elected
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)  
 
 2.8  (20.0%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 1.0  (7.1%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 93.3% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 86.7% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 5" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
53.9%   
2nd 
 
27.0%   
3rd 
 
2.0%   
4th 
 
2.0%   
5th 
 
1.0%   
6th 
 
8.2%   
7th 
 
0.9%   
8th 
 
2.1%   
11th 
 
2.1%   
12th 
 
0.7%   
  pies need GD