DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 1

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  8.0  (72.7%)  Elected
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Pie chart

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 2

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.6%)   
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  4.8  (43.8%)  Elected
Pie chart

Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 3

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.1  (9.8%)   
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  2.2  (19.7%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.6%)  Elected
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Pie chart

James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 4

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.3%)   
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.1  (10.0%)   
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  2.2  (19.7%)  Elected
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Pie chart

Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 5

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.3%)   
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)   
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.7  (15.4%)  Elected
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Pie chart

Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















   

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 6

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   Chart color  1.1  (10.2%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.3%)   
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  1.0  (9.1%)  Defeated
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Pie chart

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 7

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   Chart color  1.1  (10.2%)  Defeated
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  2.0  (18.3%)   
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Pie chart

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 8

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.7  (15.4%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  3.0  (27.4%)  Elected
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Pie chart

Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 9

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  2.7  (24.7%)  Elected
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  2.0  (18.2%)   
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Pie chart

Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 10

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.8  (16.7%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  2.0  (18.2%)   
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.3%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.8  (16.2%)   
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  2.2  (20.4%)  Elected
Pie chart

Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 11

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.8  (16.7%)   
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  2.0  (18.2%)   
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.9%)   
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  1.6  (14.9%)   
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  2.1  (18.7%)  Elected
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.8  (16.7%)   
Pie chart

James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Round 12

Legend
Candidate Votes Status
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   Chart color  1.8  (16.7%)  Elected
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   Chart color  2.0  (18.2%)  Elected
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   Chart color  1.7  (15.4%)  Elected
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   Chart color  1.8  (16.4%)  Elected
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   Chart color  1.8  (16.7%)  Elected
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   Chart color  1.8  (16.7%)  Elected
Pie chart

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.

In the end, 100% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 100% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 6" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 

DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)

6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.


Ballot Depth

This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank Fraction of votes for winners
1st    16.7% 
2nd    32.9% 
3rd    10.2% 
4th    26.9% 
5th    4.3% 
6th    9.1% 
Pie chart