DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 15.0  (11.6%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 14.0  (10.9%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 14.0  (10.9%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 13.0  (10.1%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 12.0  (9.3%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 11.0  (8.5%)   
Jeeni Criscenzo, Marketing Communications Consultant (Democratic)  
 
 10.0  (7.8%)   
Darrell Issa, Member, U.S. House of Representatives (Republican)  
 
 10.0  (7.8%)   
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 10.0  (7.8%)   
Brian Bilbray, Immigration Reform Consultant (Republican)  
 
 10.0  (7.8%)   
Miriam Clark, Teacher (Peace and Freedom)  
 
 7.0  (5.4%)   
Kevin Akin, Steam Engineer (Peace and Freedom)  
 
 3.0  (2.3%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Kevin Akin, Steam Engineer (Peace and Freedom)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 15.0  (11.7%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 14.0  (10.9%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 14.0  (10.9%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 13.0  (10.2%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 12.0  (9.4%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 11.0  (8.6%)   
Jeeni Criscenzo, Marketing Communications Consultant (Democratic)  
 
 10.0  (7.8%)   
Darrell Issa, Member, U.S. House of Representatives (Republican)  
 
 10.0  (7.8%)   
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 10.0  (7.8%)   
Brian Bilbray, Immigration Reform Consultant (Republican)  
 
 10.0  (7.8%)   
Miriam Clark, Teacher (Peace and Freedom)  
 
 9.0  (7.0%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 1.0  (0.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Miriam Clark, Teacher (Peace and Freedom)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 15.0  (11.9%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.0  (11.9%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.0  (12.7%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 14.0  (11.1%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 12.0  (9.5%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 11.0  (8.7%)   
Jeeni Criscenzo, Marketing Communications Consultant (Democratic)  
 
 11.0  (8.7%)   
Darrell Issa, Member, U.S. House of Representatives (Republican)  
 
 10.0  (7.9%)   
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 12.0  (9.5%)   
Brian Bilbray, Immigration Reform Consultant (Republican)  
 
 10.0  (7.9%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 3.0  (2.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Brian Bilbray, Immigration Reform Consultant (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 15.0  (12.9%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.0  (12.9%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.0  (13.8%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 14.0  (12.1%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 12.0  (10.3%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 11.0  (9.5%)   
Jeeni Criscenzo, Marketing Communications Consultant (Democratic)  
 
 11.0  (9.5%)   
Darrell Issa, Member, U.S. House of Representatives (Republican)  
 
 10.0  (8.6%)  Defeated
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 12.0  (10.3%)   
None of these 
 
 13.0  (11.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Darrell Issa, Member, U.S. House of Representatives (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 21.0  (18.1%)  Elected
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.0  (12.9%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.0  (13.8%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 14.0  (12.1%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 15.0  (12.9%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 12.0  (10.3%)   
Jeeni Criscenzo, Marketing Communications Consultant (Democratic)  
 
 11.0  (9.5%)   
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 12.0  (10.3%)   
None of these 
 
 13.0  (11.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (14.3%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.7  (13.6%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.0  (13.8%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 14.0  (12.1%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 18.7  (16.1%)  Elected
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 12.0  (10.3%)   
Jeeni Criscenzo, Marketing Communications Consultant (Democratic)  
 
 11.0  (9.5%)   
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 12.0  (10.3%)   
None of these 
 
 13.0  (11.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (14.3%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 16.2  (13.9%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.4  (14.2%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 14.0  (12.1%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (14.3%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 13.3  (11.4%)   
Jeeni Criscenzo, Marketing Communications Consultant (Democratic)  
 
 11.0  (9.5%)  Defeated
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 12.0  (10.3%)   
None of these 
 
 13.0  (11.2%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Jeeni Criscenzo, Marketing Communications Consultant (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (15.5%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 16.2  (15.1%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.4  (15.3%)  Elected
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 15.0  (14.0%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (15.5%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 13.3  (12.4%)   
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 13.0  (12.1%)   
None of these 
 
 22.0  (20.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (15.5%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 16.2  (15.1%)  Elected
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 15.4  (14.4%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 15.0  (14.0%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (15.5%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 14.3  (13.3%)   
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 13.0  (12.1%)   
None of these 
 
 22.0  (20.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (15.5%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.2  (14.2%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 15.4  (14.4%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 15.0  (14.0%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (15.5%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 14.6  (13.7%)   
Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)  
 
 13.6  (12.7%)  Defeated
None of these 
 
 22.0  (20.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (14.3%), so the last-place candidate (Francine Busby, Trustee, Cardiff School Board (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (16.7%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.2  (15.3%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 15.4  (15.6%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 20.0  (20.2%)  Elected
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (16.7%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 15.3  (15.4%)   
None of these 
 
 30.0  (30.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (16.7%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.2  (15.3%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 17.4  (17.6%)  Elected
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 18.0  (18.2%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (16.7%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 15.3  (15.4%)   
None of these 
 
 30.0  (30.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (16.7%)  Elected
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.6  (15.8%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.5  (16.7%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 18.0  (18.2%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (16.7%)   
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 15.7  (15.9%)   
None of these 
 
 30.0  (30.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 14 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.5  (16.7%)   
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.6  (15.8%)   
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.5  (16.7%)   
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 18.0  (18.2%)   
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.6  (16.7%)  Elected
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 15.8  (15.9%)   
None of these 
 
 30.0  (30.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (14.3%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 15 Legend  
John Campbell, United States Representative, 48th Congressional District (Republican)  
 
 16.5  (16.7%)  Elected
Paul King, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 15.7  (15.8%)  Elected
Ernest Lippe, Dentist (Libertarian)  
 
 16.5  (16.7%)  Elected
Susan Davis, Member, United States House of Representatives (Democratic)  
 
 18.0  (18.2%)  Elected
Ken Calvert, Member of Congress (Republican)  
 
 16.5  (16.7%)  Elected
Lars Grossmith, Mortgage Banker (Libertarian)  
 
 15.8  (16.0%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 30.0  (30.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 76.7% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 61.2% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 6" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from San Diego area (District 9)
6 candidates will be elected with 129 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
79.8%   
2nd 
 
4.5%   
3rd 
 
5.7%   
4th 
 
1.5%   
5th 
 
2.0%   
6th 
 
2.1%   
7th 
 
2.3%   
8th 
 
0.2%   
9th 
 
0.9%   
11th 
 
0.5%   
15th 
 
0.5%   
  pies need GD