DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 4.0  (25.0%)  Elected
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 2.0  (12.5%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Mark Ridley-Thomas, State Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Cherryl Liddle, Businesswoman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)  Elected
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 2.0  (12.5%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Mark Ridley-Thomas, State Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Cherryl Liddle, Businesswoman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 1.3  (8.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)  Elected
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 2.2  (13.9%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Mark Ridley-Thomas, State Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Cherryl Liddle, Businesswoman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 1.3  (8.3%)   
Jenny Oropeza, State Assemblywoman (Democratic)  
 
 0.1  (0.7%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
   
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 2.2  (13.9%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Mark Ridley-Thomas, State Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Cherryl Liddle, Businesswoman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 1.7  (10.4%)   
Jenny Oropeza, State Assemblywoman (Democratic)  
 
 0.1  (0.7%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Jenny Oropeza, State Assemblywoman (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 2.3  (14.6%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Mark Ridley-Thomas, State Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Cherryl Liddle, Businesswoman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)  Defeated
Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 1.7  (10.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Cherryl Liddle, Businesswoman (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 2.3  (14.6%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (12.5%)   
Mark Ridley-Thomas, State Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)  Defeated
Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 1.7  (10.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Mark Ridley-Thomas, State Assemblymember (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.3  (20.8%)  Elected
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (12.5%)   
Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)   
Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 1.7  (10.4%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (12.5%)   
Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (6.3%)  Defeated
Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 2.3  (14.6%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Selma Minerd, Business Owner (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)   
Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 2.3  (14.6%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Bud Raymond, Production Sound Technician (Libertarian)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 4.0  (25.0%)  Elected
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.3  (20.8%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 3.2  (20.0%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (23.8%)  Elected
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.3  (20.8%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 3.0  (18.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 3.2  (20.0%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.7  (16.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.2  (20.0%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.3  (20.8%)   
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 3.6  (22.5%)  Elected
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 3.2  (20.0%)   
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 2.8  (17.7%)   
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.2  (20.0%)   
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.3  (20.8%)  Elected
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 3.4  (21.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 14 Legend  
Murray Levy, Professor of Business (Libertarian)  
 
 3.2  (20.0%)  Elected
Gilbert Cedillo, State Senator, 22nd Senate District (Democratic)  
 
 3.0  (18.5%)  Elected
Peter "Pedro" De Baets, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)  
 
 3.2  (20.0%)  Elected
Gloria Romero, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.2  (20.0%)  Elected
Mike Ten, Councilmember/Supervisor/Parent (Republican)  
 
 3.4  (21.5%)  Elected
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 100% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 81.3% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 5" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Los Angeles area (District 3)
5 candidates will be elected with 16 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
71.9%   
2nd 
 
9.2%   
3rd 
 
15.2%   
5th 
 
1.0%   
6th 
 
1.5%   
7th 
 
1.3%   
  pies need GD