DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 6.0  (26.1%)  Elected
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 4.0  (17.4%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 4.0  (17.4%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.0  (13.0%)   
Lynn Daucher, Assemblymember (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (8.7%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 2.0  (8.7%)   
Lou Correa, Orange County Supervisor (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 4.0  (17.4%)  Elected
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 4.0  (17.4%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.0  (13.0%)   
Lynn Daucher, Assemblymember (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (8.7%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 4.2  (18.1%)   
Lou Correa, Orange County Supervisor (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 4.0  (17.4%)  Elected
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.2  (13.8%)   
Lynn Daucher, Assemblymember (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (8.7%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 4.2  (18.1%)   
Lou Correa, Orange County Supervisor (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.3  (14.5%)   
Lynn Daucher, Assemblymember (Republican)  
 
 2.0  (8.7%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 4.2  (18.1%)  Elected
Lou Correa, Orange County Supervisor (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
   
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.4  (14.7%)   
Lynn Daucher, Assemblymember (Republican)  
 
 2.1  (9.2%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Lou Correa, Orange County Supervisor (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)   
Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 1.1  (4.8%)   
Dennis Hollingsworth, State Senator (Republican)  
 
 0.1  (0.2%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Dennis Hollingsworth, State Senator (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 3.4  (14.7%)   
Lynn Daucher, Assemblymember (Republican)  
 
 2.2  (9.4%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Lou Correa, Orange County Supervisor (Democratic)  
 
 1.0  (4.3%)  Defeated
Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 1.1  (4.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Lou Correa, Orange County Supervisor (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (19.1%)   
Lynn Daucher, Assemblymember (Republican)  
 
 2.2  (9.4%)  Defeated
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 1.1  (4.8%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Lynn Daucher, Assemblymember (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 3.9  (16.9%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (19.1%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (16.7%)   
Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)  
 
 3.2  (14.0%)  Defeated
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

No candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory (16.7%), so the last-place candidate (Mark Wyland, California State Assemblyman (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 5.1  (23.2%)  Elected
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 4.8  (22.0%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (17.4%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (19.9%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (17.4%)   
None of these 
 
 1.0  (4.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 4.8  (22.0%)  Elected
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 4.5  (20.7%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (19.9%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (17.4%)   
None of these 
 
 1.0  (4.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 4.5  (20.7%)   
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 4.8  (21.9%)  Elected
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 3.8  (17.4%)   
None of these 
 
 1.0  (4.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)   
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)   
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 4.5  (20.7%)  Elected
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)   
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 4.3  (19.3%)   
None of these 
 
 1.0  (4.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory (16.7%) and is declared a winner.To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking (this is actually done by counting a fraction of ballots cast for the winning candidate).

Go to the next round.














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13 Legend  
Brian Klea, Healthcare Consultant (Libertarian)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)  Elected
Gloria McLeod, Assemblymember (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)  Elected
Joseph Shea, Math Teacher (Libertarian)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)  Elected
Denise Ducheny, California State Senator (Democratic)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)  Elected
Jesse Thomas, Engineering Technician (Libertarian)  
 
 4.4  (20.0%)  Elected
None of these 
 
 1.0  (4.5%)   
  pies need GD2 extension

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, or ask a question.

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 95.7% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 82.6% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 5" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

Also, view the Ballot Depth info to see how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.

















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: Senators from Southern California (District 4)
5 candidates will be elected with 23 ballots cast.

First Round | Last Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank   Fraction of votes for winners
1st 
 
76.3%   
2nd 
 
4.9%   
3rd 
 
8.1%   
4th 
 
0.8%   
5th 
 
2.8%   
7th 
 
5.2%   
10th 
 
1.9%   
  pies need GD