DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1    
------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   7.0  (46.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.0  (13.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ ___ :
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.0  (13.3%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMM ____ :
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
AAAAAAAA ___________ :
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)   1.0  (6.7%) 
CCCCCCCC ___________ :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.0  (6.7%) 
EEEEEEEE ___________ :
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
HHHHHHHH ___________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican) Elected
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEE JJJJJ LLLLLLLLLL MMMMM

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

New colors:
N
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2    
-------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.6  (17.6%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :J
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.6  (17.6%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
AAAAAAAA ____________ :
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)   1.0  (6.7%) 
CCCCCCCC ____________ :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.9  (19.5%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :EEE
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
HHHHHHHH ____________ :
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   1.3  (8.6%) 
LLLLLLLLLL __________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican) Elected
B LLL

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

New colors:
N
Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3    
-------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.6  (17.6%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :J
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.6  (17.6%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
AAAAAAAA ____________ :
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)   1.0  (6.7%) 
CCCCCCCC ____________ :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
HHHHHHH _____________ :
Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)   0.1  (1.0%) 
B ___________________ :
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   1.6  (10.5%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLL _______ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian) Elected
C

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

A tie was resolved by choosing a candidate at random.
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4    
-------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.6  (17.6%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :M
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
AAAAAAAA ____________ :
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)   1.1  (7.6%) 
CCCCCCCCC ___________ :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
HHHHHHHH ____________ :
Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)   0.1  (1.0%) 
B ___________________ :
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   1.6  (10.5%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLL ________ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) Elected
CC

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
     
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5    
-------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
AAAAAAAA ____________ :
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)   1.3  (8.6%) 
CCCCCCCCCC __________ :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
HHHHHHHH ____________ :
Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)   0.1  (1.0%) 
B ___________________ :
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   1.6  (10.5%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLL _______ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican) Defeated
L

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Howard Mckeon, Member of Congress (Republican)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6    
------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :G
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :M
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
AAAAAAAA ___________ :
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)   1.3  (8.6%) 
CCCCCCCCCC _________ :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :E
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)   1.0  (6.7%) 
HHHHHHHH ___________ :
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   1.7  (11.4%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLLL _____ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic) Defeated
AAAAAAAA

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

A tie was resolved by choosing a candidate at random.
No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Bob Filner, United States Congressman/Educator (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7    
-------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)   2.0  (13.3%) 
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA _____ :
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)   1.3  (8.6%) 
CCCCCCCCCC __________ :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   1.7  (11.4%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLL _______ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian) Defeated
LLLLLLLLLL

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (David Erickson, Aerospace Engineer (Libertarian)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8    
-------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ _ :
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.5  (16.7%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)   2.0  (13.3%) 
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA _____ :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (16.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   3.0  (20.0%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL :LLLL
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic) Defeated
JJJJJJJJ NNNNNNNN

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Roberto Rodriguez, Teacher/Volunteer (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

New colors:
N
None of these

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9    
------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (17.9%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :G
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   3.5  (25.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJJJJJJ
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.5  (17.9%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :M
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (17.9%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :E
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   3.0  (21.4%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL :LLLLL
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNNNN ___________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian) Elected
MMMMMM

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10    
------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (17.9%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :G
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.8  (20.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJ
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   3.2  (22.9%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :MMMMMM
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (17.9%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :E
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   3.0  (21.4%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL :LLLLL
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNNNN ___________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) Elected
EEE

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11    
------------------- 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.5  (17.9%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.8  (20.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJ
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.8  (20.0%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :MMM
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.9  (20.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :EEEE
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   3.0  (21.4%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL :LLLLL
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNNNN ___________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican) Elected
GG

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12    
------------------ 16.7%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.7  (19.3%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :GGG
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.8  (20.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJJ
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.8  (20.0%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :MMMM
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.9  (20.7%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :EEEEE
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   2.8  (20.0%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL :LLLL
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNNNN __________
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican) Elected
G

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
  
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 13    
---------------------- 20%
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.8  (20.0%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG :
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian)   2.8  (20.0%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian)   2.8  (20.0%) 
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM :
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.8  (20.0%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE :
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican)   2.8  (20.0%) 
LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL :
None of these  1.0   
NNNNNNNN ______________
   
Results  
Jerry Lewis, Member of Congress (Republican) Elected 
Mary Bono, Member of Congress (Republican) Elected 
Dan Litwin, Software Project Manager (Libertarian) Elected 
Duncan Hunter, U.S. Representative (Republican) Elected 
Michael Benoit, Small Business Owner (Libertarian) Elected 

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (20% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 93.3% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 86.7% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 5" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

The Ballot Depth section shows how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from Inland Empire (District 5)
5 candidates will be elected with 15 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank Fraction of votes for winners
1st 53.9% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
2nd 27.0% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
3rd 2.0% 
XX
4th 2.0% 
XX
5th 1.0% 
X
6th 8.2% 
XXXXXXXXX
7th 0.9% 
X
8th 2.1% 
XXX