DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 1    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   8.0  (72.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
AAAAAAA ____ :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
FFFFFFF ____ :
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
HHHHHH _____ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian) Elected
IIIIIIIIIII JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

In the first round, the first choices on each ballot are tallied.
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

New colors:
K
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)
 
K
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 2    
---------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.6  (14.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCC :
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
AAAAAAA ___ :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
FFFFFFF ___ :
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
HHHHHHH ___ :
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.6  (14.6%) 
IIIIIIIIII :I
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   4.8  (43.8%) 
JJJJJJJJJJ :JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican) Elected
EEEEEEEE GGGGGGGGGGGGGG

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

New colors:
K
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)
 
K
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 3    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.6  (14.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
AAAAAAA ____ :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
FFFFFFF ____ :
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
HHHHHHH ____ :
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.1  (9.8%) 
EEEEEEEE ___ :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   2.2  (19.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGG :GGGG
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.6  (14.6%) 
IIIIIIIIIII :
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican) Elected

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 4    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.6  (14.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
AAAAAA _____ :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.3%) 
FFFFFFF ____ :
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
HHHHHHH ____ :
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.1  (10.0%) 
EEEEEEEE ___ :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   2.2  (19.7%) 
GGGGGGGGGGG :GGGG
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
IIIIIIIIIII :
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican) Elected
EEEE

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 5    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.6  (14.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
AAAAAAA ____ :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.3%) 
FFFFFFF ____ :
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
HHHHHHH ____ :
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.7  (15.4%) 
EEEEEEEEEEE :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
GGGGGGGGGGG :
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
IIIIIIIIIII :
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican) Elected
A

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
   
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 6    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.6  (14.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   1.1  (10.2%) 
AAAAAAA ____ :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.3%) 
FFFFFFF ____ :
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)   1.0  (9.1%) 
HHHHHH _____ :
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
EEEEEEEEEEE :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
GGGGGGGGGGG :
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
IIIIIIIIII _ :
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic) Defeated
FFFFFFF

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Linda Sanchez, United States Representative (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 7    
---------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.6  (14.3%) 
CCCCCCCCCC :C
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)   1.1  (10.2%) 
AAAAAAA ___ :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   2.0  (18.3%) 
FFFFFFFFFF :FFFF
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
EEEEEEEEEE :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
GGGGGGGGGG :G
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
IIIIIIIIII :I
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJ :J
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic) Defeated
C FFFFFF

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

No new candidate has the number of votes needed to guarantee victory, so the last-place candidate (Xavier Becerra, Member of Congress (Democratic)) is eliminated. Ballots for that candidate are counted toward their next highest ranking.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 8    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.7  (15.4%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   3.0  (27.4%) 
FFFFFFFFFFF :FFFFFFFFFF
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
EEEEEEEEEEE :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
GGGGGGGGGGG :
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
IIIIIIIIIII :
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic) Elected
CCCCCCC

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 9    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   2.7  (24.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :CCCCCCCC
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   2.0  (18.2%) 
FFFFFFFFFFF :FF
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
EEEEEEEEEEE :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
GGGGGGGGGGG :
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
IIIIIIIIIII :
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ :
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian) Elected
I JJJJ

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 10    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.8  (16.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :C
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   2.0  (18.2%) 
FFFFFFFFFFF :FFF
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
EEEEEEEEEEE :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   1.6  (14.3%) 
GGGGGGGGGGG :
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.8  (16.2%) 
IIIIIIIIIII :I
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   2.2  (20.4%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ :JJJJ
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican) Elected
E G I

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Next Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 11    
----------- 14.3%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.8  (16.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCC :CC
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   2.0  (18.2%) 
FFFFFFFFFFF :FF
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.6  (14.9%) 
EEEEEEEEEEE :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   1.6  (14.9%) 
GGGGGGGGGGG :
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   2.1  (18.7%) 
IIIIIIIIIII :III
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.8  (16.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJ :JJ
   
Results   Redistributed Votes (to these colors)
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican) Elected
E GG

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (14.3% of counted votes).

James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican) has enough votes to guarantee victory and is declared a winner. To ensure that everyone's vote counts equally, votes that exceed that threshold are counted toward their next highest ranking, if possible. This is actually done by counting a fraction of the ballots most recently counted for the winning candidate.

next round Next Round














 
  
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Previous Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Round 12    
------------- 16.7%
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian)   1.8  (16.7%) 
CCCCCCCCCCCCC :
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic)   2.0  (18.2%) 
FFFFFFFFFFFFF :
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican)   1.7  (15.4%) 
EEEEEEEEEEEE _ :
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican)   1.8  (16.4%) 
GGGGGGGGGGGG _ :
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican)   1.8  (16.7%) 
IIIIIIIIIIII _ :
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican)   1.8  (16.7%) 
JJJJJJJJJJJJJ :
   
Results  
Leland Faegre, Stockbroker/Composer (Libertarian) Elected 
Wayne Miller, Local Government Employee (Republican) Elected 
Grace Napolitano, United States Representative (Democratic) Elected 
Sidney Street, Aerospace Consultant (Republican) Elected 
James Andion, Attorney at Law (Republican) Elected 
Gary Miller, Member of Congress (Republican) Elected 

Note: If this doesn't make sense, try reading the How it works page, view the table form, or ask a question.
The dotted line represents the number of votes that guarantees victory (16.7% of counted votes).

At this point, the number of remaining candidates equals the number of remaining seats, so the remaining candidates are declared elected.
In the end, 100% of all cast ballots counted toward a winner. This compares to 100% if only the first-round votes were used. You should be able to see that the winners have a more equal mandate in the final round than in the first round.

Note that even the "highest first-round votes" method is more democratic than most methods used in US public elections: the "vote for 6" method, which allows the largest block of voters to dominate, and the district method, where choices are restricted to the one or two viable candidates within geographical boundaries drawn by the politicians in office.

The Ballot Depth section shows how much lower rankings contributed to the tally.
















 
 
DemoChoice Web Poll: US Representatives from East Los Angeles (District 7)
6 candidates will be elected with 11 ballots cast.

Table form | Chart form: First Round | Final Round | Ballot Depth | How it works | Main Page


Ballot Depth: This shows how much the lower rankings on ballots contributed to the winning candidates.

Rank Fraction of votes for winners
1st 16.7% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
2nd 32.9% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
3rd 10.2% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
4th 26.9% 
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX